wiki:Getting-Started/Android

Version 14 (modified by nanang, 7 years ago) (diff)

Added tutorial for debugging native code.

Getting Started: Building for Android

  1. Requirements
  2. Build Preparation
  3. Building PJSIP
  4. Building and running apjsua sample application
  5. Debugging native code with Eclipse
  6. Other Android projects

Android target is currently available in Android branch and currently still experimental.

Requirements

Build Preparation

  1. Get the source code, if you haven't already.
  2. Set your config_site.h to the following:
    #define PJ_CONFIG_ANDROID 1
    #include <pj/config_site_sample.h>
    
    This will activate Android specific settings in the config_site_sample.h.

Building PJSIP

Just run:

$ cd /path/to/your/pjsip/dir
$ export ANDROID_NDK_ROOT=/path_to_android_ndk_dir 
$ ./configure-android
$ make dep && make clean && make

Notes:

  • the ./configure-android is a wrapper that calls the standard ./configure script with settings suitable for Android target.
  • you may pass standard ./configure options to this script too.
  • for more info, run ./configure-android --help
  • other customizations are similar to what is explained in Building with GNU page.

Building and running apjsua sample application

We have apjsua sample application located under pjsip-apps/src/apjsua. It is not built by default, and you need SWIG to build it.

Follow these steps to build apjsua:

  1. Make sure SWIG is in the build environment PATH.
    • Alternatively, update SWIG path in $PJDIR/pjsip-apps/src/apjsua/jni/Android.mk file.
  2. Create Android project from apjsua. In Eclipse:
    1. From menu: File --> New --> Project
    2. Select Android Project from Existing Code, press Next
    3. In Root Directory, put the location of apjsua source code (i.e. $PJDIR/pjsip-apps/src/apjsua) and press Finish
  3. You may need to select different Android SDK than what is configured in apjsua. You can do this from the project's Properties.
  4. You can modify apjsua/res/raw/config.txt for apjsua's config file.
  5. Run it.

Debugging native code with Eclipse

Here are the steps for debugging PJSIP native code using Eclipse:

  1. Build PJSIP with debugging enabled, e.g: insert CFLAGS += -g into user.mak in PJSIP root directory.
  2. Make sure that the JNI part of the application is built using ndk-build. For reference, check apjsua's Android.mk build config in pjsip-apps/src/apjsua/jni, it contains sample of how to import PJSIP build settings (build search paths, build flags, etc) and SWIG invocation.
  3. Enable NDK plugin for Eclipse, check this and follow the instructions.
  4. It is recommended to introduce delay (about 5 seconds) in the application code between loading the native code library and calling any native functions (to be debugged), e.g:
    try {
    	System.loadLibrary("some_native_lib.so");
    } catch (UnsatisfiedLinkError e) {
    	return -1;
    }
    
    // Wait for GDB init
    if ((getApplicationInfo().flags & ApplicationInfo.FLAG_DEBUGGABLE) != 0) {
    	try {
    		Thread.sleep(5000);
            } catch (InterruptedException e) { }
    }
    
    // Start calling native functions here
    // ...
    
  5. Load PJSIP project to Eclipse, and try put breakpoint anywhere in the PJSIP code before launching the application debug configuration in Eclipse.

Other Android projects

Also have a look at the following PJSIP Android project: